Neurosurgery

What is Neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the surgical treatment of medical disorders impacting the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Neurosurgeons are highly trained medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of conditions or injuries that need surgical intervention.

Medical conditions that may be addressed by neurosurgery include brain tumors, spinal cord tumors, traumatic injuries to the brain or spine, vascular aberrations, epilepsy, degenerative spine issues, and other neurological conditions. Neurosurgeons work closely with other medical specialists, such as neurologists, radiologists, and oncologists, to provide complete care for patients with neurological problems.

Neurosurgery involves a variety of surgical approaches, ranging from traditional open procedures to minimally invasive approaches. The ultimate goal of neurosurgery is to relieve symptoms, enhance function, and improve the overall quality of life for people with neurological conditions.

Marengo Asia Hospitals is equipped with state-of-the-art technology and modern surgical facilities, enabling our surgeons to employ the latest advancements in neurosurgical procedures for optimal results. From brain tumors and spinal diseases to vascular abnormalities, Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a comprehensive range of neurosurgical services.

What Conditions Do Neurosurgeons Treat?

Neurosurgeons are specialized medical experts qualified and trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of disorders affecting the nervous system. This includes the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Some of the medical conditions neurosurgeons commonly treat include the following:

  • Brain tumors: Neurosurgeons may perform surgical procedures to extract tumors from the brain. This can include both benign and malignant tumors.
  • Spinal disorders: Conditions impacting the spine, such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and deformities like scoliosis (sideways curve of the spine), are some of the conditions that can be treated under neurosurgery.
  • Essential tremor: Although neurologists are generally the first experts who'll help treat essential tremors. Neurosurgeons can also help treat this condition and many other conditions of the brain. Essential tremor is a condition that leads to uncontrolled and rhythmic shaking. It can impact almost any part of the body, but the trembling transpires most often in the hands.
  • Head trauma: Neurosurgeons often play an important role in the treatment of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), which can result from mishaps, falls, or other head injuries.
  • Stroke: In some cases, neurosurgical procedures may be required to address vascular problems contributing to strokes.
  • Epilepsy surgery: For some people with epilepsy who do not respond well to medicine, neurosurgeons may perform procedures to remove or detach the specific brain area responsible for seizures.
  • Peripheral nerve disorders: Conditions impacting peripheral nerves, like carpal tunnel syndrome or peripheral nerve tumors and meralgia parasthetica, may also require neurosurgery.
  • Degenerative spine conditions: Neurosurgeons may perform surgeries to manage degenerative conditions of the spine, such as degenerative disc disease or spinal arthritis.
  • Movement disorders: Neurosurgeons may be involved in treating movement ailments like Parkinson's disease through deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery.

What Are The Various Tests Performed By Neurosurgeons To Treat Neurological Conditions?

Whenever a patient suffers from a neurological condition that might require surgery, the neurosurgeon may conduct certain diagnostic tests to identify the cause of the illness and create effective treatment strategies. Let's understand the various tests and procedures used to diagnose and treat neurological conditions:

  • Neurological examination: This is a comprehensive examination conducted by a neurosurgeon to assess various aspects of neurological function. This includes mental status, cranial nerves (responsible for functions such as vision, hearing, and facial movements), motor function, reflexes, coordination, etc.
  • CT (Computed Tomography): CT scans allow surgeons to identify the exact location of lesions in the brain or spinal cord. It is especially useful in determining if there is any bleeding in the brain or bone destruction in the spinal column. This test uses X-rays to create cross-sectional images of the brain and is useful for identifying bleeding, tumors, and bone aberrations. However, it provides less clear and detailed images compared to MRI.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): MRI scan uses powerful magnets and radio waves to produce detailed images of the brain and spinal cord. It is useful for detecting structural abnormalities, tumors, and irregularities in brain tissue.
  • Lumbar puncture (Spinal Tap): Cerebrospinal fluid that is present in our brain protects our brain and spinal cord. Hence, analyzing this fluid can be crucial in determining if an infection or tumor has spread to this part of the body. Lumbar puncture test involves accumulating a sample of cerebrospinal fluid from the spinal canal. Analysis of CSF can reveal infections, bleeding, and issues associated with conditions like multiple sclerosis.
  • Blood tests: Various blood tests are also conducted to identify the conditions that can impact the nervous system. These include tests for infections, autoimmune diseases, metabolic abnormalities, and specific markers related to neurological disorders. Some of the blood tests that are conducted include complete blood count, coagulation profile, blood typing and crossmatching, etc.
  • Swallow study: Certain neurological disorders can affect an individual’s ability to swallow. Therefore, to check if the person can swallow properly, a swallow study can be conducted by the surgeon. This involves taking X-rays while you eat food and beverages mixed with barium. This test is conducted under the supervision of a speech pathologist who decides how well you can swallow foods of various consistencies.

These tests are often used in combination, and the choice of tests depends on the patient's symptoms, medical history, and the suspected neurological condition. The objective of the neurosurgeon is to get a comprehensive understanding of the patient's condition to advise appropriate treatment strategies.

What Are The Various Neurosurgeries Performed At Marengo Asia Hospitals?

Craniotomy: Craniotomy is a procedure that involves surgically removing a portion of the skull to gain access to the brain. Once the procedure has been completed, the part of the skull that was extracted is placed in its original position. This procedure is commonly performed to treat brain tumors, skull fractures, treatment of vascular abnormalities (aneurysms), hematomas, and infections and address various levels of swelling within the brain.

Brain tumor surgery: Surgery is a common approach for the treatment of brain tumors. The goal of brain tumor surgery is to remove as much of the tumor as possible while preserving surrounding healthy tissue. Brain tumor surgery is indicated for both benign and malignant tumors. The type of surgery depends on factors such as tumor location, size, and type. Surgical methods may include microsurgery, endoscopic surgery, or stereotactic biopsy, depending on the specifics of the tumor.

Spinal fusion: Spinal fusion is a surgical method that involves joining two or more vertebrae to stabilize the spine. This is often done using bone grafts or implants. It is commonly performed to treat problems like spinal deformities (scoliosis), spinal fractures, degenerative disc disease, etc. Also, there are various techniques for spinal fusion, including anterior, posterior, or lateral procedures, depending on the location of the affected vertebrae.

Discectomy: Discectomy is a procedure to remove part or all of a damaged intervertebral disc in the spine, generally to ease pressure on nerves. This surgery is typically performed for issues like herniated discs, where disc material shoves itself on spinal nerves, causing severe pain and neurological symptoms.

Epilepsy surgery: Certain types of epilepsy that do not respond well to medicines may be treated with a surgical procedure. This may involve removing or detaching the specific brain region responsible for seizures. Epilepsy surgery is considered for patients with focal seizures that develop in a specific region of the brain.

Deep brain stimulation (DBS): DBS involves the implantation of electrodes into specific areas of the brain, connected to a pulse generator. It is utilized to modulate irregular neural activity. DBS is employed for disorders like Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, or certain psychiatric conditions.

Peripheral nerve surgery: Surgery on peripheral nerves involves fixing or decompressing nerves outside the central nervous system, addressing issues like nerve entrapment or peripheral nerve tumors. Peripheral nerve surgery is indicated for disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, or peripheral nerve injuries.

Pediatric neurosurgery: Pediatric neurosurgery is a subspecialty of neurosurgery; that includes surgical techniques that treat children with operable neurological conditions such as dystonia, ependymoma, epilepsy, glioma, hydrocephalus, etc.

Why Choose Marengo Asia Hospitals For Neurosurgery?

Here are some reasons why people seeking neurosurgical interventions should choose Marengo Asia Hospitals:

  • Patient-centric care: At Marengo Asia Hospitals, patient well-being and satisfaction is our top priority. We focus on transparent communication, compassionate care, and support for patients and their families throughout the entire treatment process.
  • State-of-the-art technology: Marengo Asia Hospitals utilizes the latest advances in neurosurgical technology for the treatment of stroke and TIA, brain tumors, seizure and epilepsy, brain and spinal trauma, multiple sclerosis, and neurologic rehabilitation. Our state-of-the-art facilities include cutting-edge imaging systems, robotic-assisted surgery tools, the utilization of dyes like 5 ALA and fluorescence to know the extent of the tumor, and precision-guided navigation systems. This guarantees that patients receive the most accurate diagnoses and optimal surgical results.
  • Leading neurosurgeons: Our hospital boasts a team of renowned neurosurgeons who are pioneers in their field. With a wealth of experience and a track record of successful surgeries, our experts are dedicated to providing the highest quality of care. Their expertise spans the entire spectrum of neurosurgical procedures, from minimally invasive approaches to complicated brain and spinal surgeries.
  • Patient experience and satisfaction: When it comes to measuring the quality of care and service we provide, Marengo Asia Hospitals turns to the people who know best: our patients. From courtesy to cleanliness, our neurosurgery care units consistently rate among the highest with our patients.
  • Multidisciplinary approach: We bring a multidisciplinary approach to neurosurgery, involving collaboration between neurosurgeons, neurologists, radiologists, and other experts. This comprehensive approach ensures that our patients obtain personalized treatment plans that address their unique needs and conditions.


For Know about our Doctors: 

Neuro Surgeon in Ahmedabad

Neuro Surgeon in Faridabad

Neuro Surgeon in Gurgaon

Neurosurgery

Auditory brainstem implant

Overview

An auditory brainstem implant provides hearing to people with hearing loss who can’t get help from a hearing aid or cochlear implant. This is commonly due to a missing small hearing nerve or a seriously abnormal inner ear (cochlea)....

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Awake brain surgery

Overview

Awake brain surgery, also named awake craniotomy, is a kind of surgery done on the brain, while the person is awake and alert. This procedure is done to treat some brain problems such as brain tumours or epileptic seizures....

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Carotid angioplasty and stenting

Overview

Carotid angioplasty and stenting are procedures that open clogged arteries in the brain to reinstate the blood flow. This procedure is often done to treat or avert the risk of strokes. The carotid arteries are situated on either side of the neck, these are the primary arterie...

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Pediatric cervical spine surgery

Overview

Paediatric cervical spine surgery is a treatment used for treating children with injuries or abnormalities in the neck region of the spine. Cervical spine disorders may be seen at birth (congenital) or from an accident or other injuries....

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Spine Surgery

Overview

Spine surgery is a surgical procedure performed by a neurosurgeon to correct structural abnormalities. Back injuries and those specific to the spine have become a huge concern, which is affecting most people. Ageing, over-exertion, and bad posture in daily activities are the ...

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Spinal Fusion Surgery

Overview

Spinal fusion is a surgery done to permanently connect two or more vertebrae in the spine, removing movement between them. This surgery comprises specific techniques formulated to imitate the normal healing process of broken or damaged bones. During this surgery, your neurosu...

Read More

Auditory brainstem implant

Overview

An auditory brainstem implant provides hearing to people with hearing loss who can’t get help from a hearing aid or cochlear implant. This is commonly due to a missing small hearing nerve or a seriously abnormal inner ear (cochlea).

Read More

Awake brain surgery

Overview

Awake brain surgery, also named awake craniotomy, is a kind of surgery done on the brain, while the person is awake and alert. This procedure is done to treat some brain problems such as brain tumours or epileptic seizures.

Read More

Carotid angioplasty and stenting

Overview

Carotid angioplasty and stenting are procedures that open clogged arteries in the brain to reinstate the blood flow. This procedure is often done to treat or avert the risk of strokes. The carotid arteries are situated on either side of the neck, these are the primary arteries supplying blood to the brain. Fatty deposits (plaque) can clog arteries that impede or slow down blood flow to the brain and the condition is known as carotid artery disease, which can lead to stroke.

Read More

Pediatric cervical spine surgery

Overview

Paediatric cervical spine surgery is a treatment used for treating children with injuries or abnormalities in the neck region of the spine. Cervical spine disorders may be seen at birth (congenital) or from an accident or other injuries.

Read More

Spine Surgery

Overview

Spine surgery is a surgical procedure performed by a neurosurgeon to correct structural abnormalities. Back injuries and those specific to the spine have become a huge concern, which is affecting most people. Ageing, over-exertion, and bad posture in daily activities are the main causes of this spine condition.

Read More

Spinal Fusion Surgery

Overview

Spinal fusion is a surgery done to permanently connect two or more vertebrae in the spine, removing movement between them. This surgery comprises specific techniques formulated to imitate the normal healing process of broken or damaged bones. During this surgery, your neurosurgeon keeps bone or a bone-like material within the space between two spinal vertebrae. Metal plates, screws, and rods are used to hold on the vertebrae together so that they can heal into one solid unit.

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FAQ'S

A neurosurgical procedure can be both invasive and minimally invasive, depending on the procedure. Minimally invasive procedures, like endoscopy or stereotactic surgery, strive to reduce tissue disruption and enable faster recovery.

The recovery time for neurosurgery differs depending on the type of procedure performed by the surgeon, the complexity of the surgery, and individual patient factors. Some procedures may have shorter recovery periods, while others may need more extended restoration.

Preparing for neurosurgery involves communication with your healthcare team, understanding the complete procedure, following preoperative guidelines provided by the doctor, and addressing any problems or questions you may have. The healthcare team and doctors of Marengo Asia hospitals are always available for their patients in case of any problem and to provide the right guidance on how to prepare for the procedure.

Yes, neurosurgery can be used to treat chronic pain disorders, such as trigeminal neuralgia or chronic back pain. Procedures like nerve decompression or stimulation may be considered by the surgeon.

The duration of neurosurgical procedures differs widely depending on the complexity of the surgery. Some procedures may take a few hours, while others may need a more extended period.

Pediatric neurosurgeries need special expertise due to the unique considerations of growing brains and developing nervous systems. Pediatric neurosurgeons specialize in handling conditions specific to children.

Neurosurgeons at Marengo Asia Hospitals have a minimum experience of 10 years. All our neurosurgeons are competent and experienced in all facets of neurosurgery be it cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves.

Patients undergoing neurosurgery at Marengo Asia Hospital receive complete care, including comprehensive preoperative evaluations and personalized post-operative rehabilitation plans. Our healthcare team conducts thorough tests and procedures like neurological examination, CT scan, lumbar puncture test, etc to accurately diagnose the condition and create an effective treatment plan. In addition, immediately after the completion of the surgery, we aim to provide continuity of patient care to detect and prevent neurological deterioration while sustaining systemic and neurological homeostasis. Our post-operative rehabilitation plans speed up the recovery and ensure the treatment and surgery's success. The hospital is committed to ensuring the well-being of patients at every stage of their neurosurgical journey.

To contact Marengo Asia Hospitals you can fill out the enquiry form on our website under the 'Contact Us' section. Once the form is submitted, someone from our team will reach out to you at the earliest and fix an appointment with our neurosurgeon. You can also directly connect with our healthcare team through the contact number on our website.

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