Skin is the largest organ of the human body and is often a testimony of our overall health. A scar or acne on the face, continuous hair loss, brittle nails, and other skin-related conditions need ultimate expert care to restore your confidence and brighten your day.

Contrary to the belief, skin conditions are not just superficial. They often indicate an underlying condition that might need urgent medical intervention. The Dermatology department at Marengo Asia Hospital offers holistic care and an expert approach to patients battling various dermatological issues. Our dermatologists work closely with medical specialists from other departments, including oncology, plastic, reconstructive surgeons, endocrinologists, etc., to develop a customized treatment plan.

What Is Dermatology?

Our skin protects the body from various external factors, including viruses, bacteria, and pollution, and protects the internal organs from injuries. Dermatology is the study related to the diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions and cosmetic services.

What Are the Functions and Health Conditions of the Skin?

Yes. Just like any other vital organ, the skin is also responsible for many functions, including preventing dehydration, feeling sensations, avoiding bacterial and viral invasions, maintaining body temperature, and synthesizing Vitamin D from sun exposure.

When these functions get disrupted, they can lead to various dermatological conditions. The most common skin ailments are acne, eczema, rosacea, alopecia artaea, psoriasis, and vitiligo. Skin cancer, the abnormal mutation of skin cells, can be entirely treated if diagnosed early.

While specific dermatological issues can be treated entirely with the help of medications, topical applications, and lifestyle changes, other ailments like psoriasis and vitiligo are chronic, requiring constant medical supervision.

What Are Rare Skin Conditions?

Skin conditions are triggered by various factors, including lifestyle habits, diet, exposure to pollution, and other environmental factors. However, a few rare ailments could be genetically inherited:


Discolouration of the skin, owing to a build-up of silver components in the body

Actinic prurigo:

Sudden itchy rash triggered even by minimal sun exposure


An extremely rare condition where coloured sweat gets secreted by apocrine and eccrine sweat glands.

Epidermolysis Bullosa:

Disorder of the connective tissue that leads to super sensitive skin dotted with blisters and tends to tear easily

Harlequin ichthyosis:

A congenital condition where thick, hard patches present on the skin

What Are The Common Signs and Symptoms of Skin Conditions?

The signs and symptoms of skin ailments vary from person to person. If you notice any of the following, consult your dermatologist immediately:

  • Sudden discolouration of the skin
  • Dry and scaly skin, chapped lips
  • Peeling of the skin
  • Rashes, acne that cause tingling or burning sensation
  • Red, brown, yellow, or white bumps filled with pus

How Are Skin Conditions Diagnosed?

Skin conditions are diagnosed by examining the skin and understanding the associated symptoms. Your doctor might recommend the following tests for better diagnosis:

Blood tests to rule out vitamin deficiencies and underlying conditions, if any

  • Skin patch test to check for allergies
  • Skin culture test for detecting the presence of bacteria, fungi, and virals
  • Using ultraviolet light for the better view of pigmentation
  • Dermoscopy, a device that detects skin lesions
  • Biopsy of skin – removing a small piece of skin sample to check for the presence of cancer cells

Treatment Options For Skin Conditions:

A majority of skin conditions are treated with the help of medications, including:

  • Antihistamines
  • Antibiotics
  • Topical applications such as ointments, creams
  • Laser skin treatments
  • Oral medications
  • Medicated moisturizers, serums
  • Injections
  • Surgical procedures, if needed

How To Prevent Skin Conditions?

  • Do keep stress under control
  • Practice personal hygiene
  • Keep up with doctor’s appointments and medications

For Know More About Our Doctors

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When faced with complex medical treatments and options, you may seek a second opinion from another doctor, surgeon, or specialist.

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