Valvuloplasty

Aortic Valvuloplasty or Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to repair a heart valve with a narrowed opening. The narrowed heart valve or stenosis causes the thickening of heart flaps or leaflets, which become thick and fuse together. Valve stenosis reduces blood flow through the valve, thus causing shortness of breath, chest pain, etc. Valvuloplasty is also known as Balloon Valvuloplasty, Balloon Valvotomy, And Percutaneous Balloon Valvuloplasty. 

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Who Needs Valvuloplasty?

The primary purpose of this interventional procedure is to repair the narrowed heart valve or valve stenosis. Other conditions that would require Valvuloplasty are:

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis
  • Pulmonary Stenosis or Pulmonary Valve Stenosis
  • Tricuspid Valve Stenosis

How Is Valvuloplasty Performed?

Valvuloplasty is done under general or local Anesthesia. During the procedure, the interventional cardiologist inserts a soft, flexible tube known as a catheter with a balloon at its tip via the groin. The catheter is guided towards the narrowed valve in the heart, and it is slowly inflated to widen the valve. This procedure improves blood flow, and the balloon is then deflated and removed.

Valvuloplasty not only improves blood flow but also reduces the associated symptoms. If it narrows again, the patient might need a valve replacement.

FAQ'S

The primary purpose of this interventional procedure is to repair the narrowed heart valve or valve stenosis. Other conditions that would require Valvuloplasty are: Aortic Valve Stenosis Mitral Valve Stenosis Pulmonary Stenosis or Pulmonary Valve Stenosis Tricuspid Valve Stenosis

Valvuloplasty is done under general or local Anesthesia. During the procedure, the interventional cardiologist inserts a soft, flexible tube known as a catheter with a balloon at its tip via the groin. The catheter is guided towards the narrowed valve in the heart, and it is slowly inflated to widen the valve. This procedure improves blood flow, and the balloon is then deflated and removed.  Valvuloplasty not only improves blood flow but also reduces the associated symptoms. If it narrows again, the patient might need a valve replacement.

Patients with heart valve diseases like stiffening of the valve, leaky valve or valvular regurgitation, and congenital defects in valve structure would require a Valvuloplasty.

The procedure would take a minimum of one hour. You might want to stop eating or drinking anything 6 hours prior to the surgery.

The patient might typically need an overnight stay to monitor the condition in the post-operative ward. The discharge can happen within two days.

The patient would require complete rest for up to a week. You can slowly resume duties after getting a clearance from your doctor.

There are no major risks associated with EVAR. However, talk to your doctor for risk assessment.

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