Cadaveric renal transplantation

Nephrectomy is a surgical procedure to remove diseased, damaged, scarred, and non-functional kidneys due to various conditions affecting renal health.


Nephrectomy is of two types:

Partial Nephrectomy:

This procedure is also known as kidney-sparing or nephron-sparing surgery. The surgeon removes only the diseased part of the organ or tissues and leaves the healthy kidney tissue in place. This procedure is recommended in case of Kidney tumours where the surgeon removes the cancerous tumour.

Radical Nephrectomy:

During the procedure, the surgeon removes the whole Kidney, surrounding fatty tissues, and a part of the tube (ureter) connecting the Kidney to the urinary bladder. In some instances, the adrenal gland, lymph nodes, and other surrounding tissues are removed.

Nephrectomy can either be open or laparoscopic. While the first the procedure can cause complications like severe blood loss, and infections, and the laparoscopic nephrectomy reduces the risks.

A laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a minimally invasive a surgical procedure where a healthy kidney is removed from the body of a living donor for transplant into the patient’s body whose kidneys are not functioning normally.

What Are the Other Conditions That Would Require Laparoscopic Nephrectomy?

Health Conditions That Would Require Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Kidney Tumour
  • Injury to the kidneys

How Is Open/Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy Done?

Open Nephrectomy:

In this invasive procedure, the surgeon makes an incision along the side of the abdomen and accesses the kidneys for removal. After removing the organ, the donor’s healthy Kidney is transplanted into the recipient’s body. The incisions are then sutured. Open surgery facilitates better access to the organs and surrounding tissues.

Laparoscopic Nephrectomy:

The surgeon makes two or small incisions in the abdominal region during the procedure. The surgeon then inserts ports – the thin, flexible tubes with a tiny camera attached to the end. The donor’s Kidney is removed and transplanted into the recipient’s body through the larger incision, guided by clamps and camera images.


The patient may have to spend a few weeks in the hospital after transplantation.

You may have to spend a week in the hospital after the procedure.

You may have to spend 1 to 3 days in the hospital after the procedure.

You can return to normal activities 2 to weeks after the surgery.

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