Heart Valve Surgery

Heart valve surgery treats conditions related to one of the four heart valves. The main function of the four valves – the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve is to keep the blood flowing in the right direction from the heart. Each valve consists of flaps. The flaps of mitral and tricuspid valves are known as leaflets, and for aortic and pulmonary valves, they are known as cusps.  These valves open and close with every heartbeat, and if they fail to open or shut properly, it disrupts the blood flow. There are two types of Heart Valve Surgery:  Annuloplasty Valvuloplasty

Heart Valve Surgery

Who Needs A Heart Valve Surgery?

Patients suffering from the following heart valve conditions need heart valve surgery.

Narrowing of a valve or stenosis A leaky valve that makes blood flow backward, also known as regurgitation

How Is Heart Valve Surgery Performed?

During the procedure, the surgeon repairs or replaces the diseased valve or values. It can be done either through the open-heart method or a minimally invasive technique. Your doctor would decide on the type of surgery, depending on various factors, including age, the severity of the disease, and other health conditions.

In open-chest surgery, a large incision is made in the middle of the chest through the breastbone to access the heart. A heart-lung machine takes over the job of circulating the blood throughout the body while the surgeon repairs the valves.

In minimal incision surgery, the surgeon accesses the heart through small incisions called ports between the ribs or through the groin. The diseased valve is repaired and replaced, guided by the images on the computer.


If you are experiencing shortness of breath, unable to exert any pressure, persistent cough, irregular or abnormal heartbeat, swollen feet and ankles, chest discomfort, and dizziness, get tested for heart valve diseases.

Less loss of blood Faster Recovery Small scars  Lesser post-surgery complications

It typically takes 2 hours for the heart valve surgery to be completed.

It will take anywhere between 2 to 4 weeks to recover from the heart valve surgery.

Yes. The patient can return to normal duties within a few weeks post-surgery.

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